Kendall County Pioneers 1828-1840

Preface [Select to Show/Hide]

It is now approximately 175 years since the first people moved into what became Kendall County. The first pioneers settled near the timber. They believed the trees would help protect them from the fierce winds that blew across the prairie. They also needed to be near a source of building material, and fuel for cooking and heating their homes.

The pioneer's best source of water was a good spring. Initially springs were plentiful and the settlers clustered around them. After the most desirable land was taken, pioneers began to drain the sloughs. When the sloughs were drained, the springs dried up and the pioneers were forced to seek other sources of drinking water. Initially wells were dug by hand, but the depth a well could be dug was limited. It was not until the late eighteen seventies or early eighteen eighties, that well drilling technology advanced to the point that deeper wells could be drilled. The ability to drill a well, even through solid rock, was a major factor in the development of the area away from the timber and streams that flowed through the groves.

When the first settlers arrived, the closest mill was near Peoria. Under normal circumstances, taking wheat or corn to the mill required several days. When weather was bad, a round trip to the mill could take two or three weeks.

Initially wheat was the only marketable commodity. Chicago was the nearest market but there were no roads between Kendall County and Chicago. The grain had to be hauled there by wagon, sloughs were numerous and difficult to pass through, and rivers and creeks had to be crossed without the benefit of bridges. A round trip to Chicago often required several days.

During the initial settlement period there was virtually no money in circulation, requiring the pioneers to trade one commodity or skill for another. If they became ill or were injured, they had to rely on their own medical skill to survive.

Those who led the way had to survive droughts, prairie fires, storms, harsh economic times, and much other depravation.

To the extent possible, the following represents a list of the names, and the genealogy of the pioneers and settlers who came to Kendall County before January 1, 1841. In some cases it was not possible to determine the pioneer's date and place of death. In other cases pioneers were tracked for a while and then lost. Information in brackets [ ] within the second "Place" column indicates the last place and time the compiler was able to find that person. For example, [Burlington, IA 1910] means the last genealogical sighting of the person referred to was Burlington, Iowa in 1910.

Some of the entries are incomplete. Addition information or corrections will be gratefully accepted.

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    Bir      Dea        Arrival  
SurnameGiven NameMoDyYrPlace of BirthMoDyYrPlace of DeathTwpYearCode
    Bir      Dea        Arrival  
SurnameGiven NameMoDyYrPlace of BirthMoDyYrPlace of DeathTwpYearCode
Allen Charles C. (s-in-l J. Harvey & Mary Bates) Aug ng 1833 New York aft 1910 [Los Angles, CA 1910] BR 1839 BS
Bond Betsey (Warren)(Mrs. Jonathon)(no children) Oct 17 1785 Leicester, MA Mar 10 1874 FO 1839 BS
Bond Jonathan (musician)(Probate Notice published 11/29/1865) Jan 8 1780 Massachusetts bef 1866 FO 1839 BS
Freeland Ellice (Mrs. Richard S.) Aug 24 1805 New York May 21 1856 Big Grove Twp, IL BG 1840 BS
Freeland Richard S. (early land owner) Nov 15 1803 New York Oct 31 1884 Champaign Co., IL BG 1840 BS
Gardner Joshua C. (single man)(came with Rev. J. Brainard) nds nds FO 1837 BS
King Morris J. (s. Apollos R. & Fidelia (Jones))(1st singing school) abt 1818 New York nf 1880 [La Salle Co., IL 1850] BR 1838 BS
St. Clair John, Rev. nds nds LR 1838 BS
Armstrong Ann (d. William & Theresa) abt 1839 Illinois aft 1860 [Harvey, Meeker, MN 1860] SE 1839 CE
Armstrong Michael (s. William & Theresa) abt 1837 Ireland nds [Harvey, Meeker, MN 1860] SE 1839 CE
Armstrong Theresa (Mrs. William) abt 1815 Ireland aft 1880 [Forest, Meeker, MN 1880] SE 1839 CE
Armstrong William abt 1814 Ireland Dec 19 1894 Mannanah, MN? SE 1839 CE
Ayres Achsah (Squire)(Mrs. Ebenezer) Feb 1 1779 nds OS 1840 CE
Ayres Appolus A. (Mrs.) abt 1810 nds OS 1840 CE
Ayres Appolus A. (s. Ebenezer & Achsah (Squire)) abt 1810 New York? nds OS 1840 CE
Barrus Moses (f-in-law Lyman Childs) Aug 18 1773 Apr 26 1866 Bristol Twp, IL KE 1840 CE
Bond Senath [Zenith] (mar. John Collins) abt 1810 Somersetshire, Eng. Aug 27 1891 Oswego, IL FO 1840 CE
Bushnell Althea "Nancy" (Clarke)(Mrs. George) Sep 29 1818 Sullivan, NY Apr 24 1893 Lisbon, IL LI 1840 CE
Bushnell E. Viola (d. George & Nancy (Clarke)) Apr 2 1838 Niles, MI nf 1870 [Lisbon Twp, IL 1860] LI 1839 CE
Bushnell George (s. Stephen, Sr. & Vincy (Tuttle)) Apr 17 1812 New York abt 1867 Lisbon, IL LI 1839 CE
Bushnell Paul (s. Stephen, Sr. & Vincy (Tuttle)) abt 1829 New York nds LI 1839 CE
Bushnell Stephen Jones (s. Reuben & Martha (Jones)) Mar 11 1812 Durham, NY Nov 22 1857 Lisbon Twp, IL LI 1839 CE
Bushnell Stephen, Sr. (included in 1840 census) May ng 1779 Westbrook, CT Sep 5 1867 Lisbon Twp, IL LI 1839 CE
Bushnell Vincie/Vincy (Tuttle)(Mrs. Stephen, Sr.) Dec 9 1786 Connecticut Aug 18 1854 Lisbon Twp, IL LI 1839 CE
Bushnell Washington (s. Stephen, Sr. & Vincie/Vincy (Tuttle)) Sep 26 1827 Sullivan, NY Jun 30 1885 Ottawa, IL LI 1839 CE
Church Mary Ann (Doyle)(Mrs. Elias B.) abt 1834 Pennsylvania aft 1880 [Lancaster, KS 1880] BG 1840 CE
Clark John (s. Reuben & Nancy) abt 1827 New York nds LI 1840 CE
Clark Nancy (Mrs. Reuben) Apr 12 1789 Bennington, VT Dec 20 1881 Lisbon Twp, IL LI 1840 CE
Clark Reuben (f-in-l George Bushnell) abt 1782 Connecticut nds LI 1840 CE
Cleland Melissa (Parker)(Mrs. Enos) abt 1835 Cuyahoga Co., OH aft 1850 [Big Grove Twp, IL 1850] SE 1840 CE
Collins Anna M. (Gleason)(2nd Mrs. George) Jan 27 1827 Middlebury Twp, NY Nov 5 1908 Thurston Co., WA FO 1840 CE
Convis Mary Ann (Townsend)(Mrs. Alonzo P.) abt 1832 New York nf 1900 [Chicago, IL 1880] OS 1840 CE
Gleason Abel Bradley (s. Abel & Mary (Sherman)) abt 1825 Middlebury Twp, NY Mar 22 1908 Corona, CA FO 1840 CE
Gleason Abel, Sr. (s. Moses & Mercy (Bradbury)) Jun 4 1795 Rome, NY Jan 3 1874 Camanche, Clinton Co., IA FO 1840 CE
Gleason Anna M. (d. Abel & Mary (Sherman)) Jan 27 1827 Middlebury Twp, NY Nov 5 1908 Thurston Co., WA FO 1840 CE
Gleason David (s. Moses & Mercy (Bradbury)) abt 1792 Wyoming Co., NY abt 1870 [Grundy Co., IL 1870] FO 1837 CE
Gleason Elisha (s. Abel & Anna (Hough)) abt 1820 Middlebury Twp, NY Jun 5 1889 Washta, Cherokee Co., IA FO 1840 CE
Gleason Mary (Sherman)(2nd Mrs. Abel) May 10 1804 Connecticut Jan 12 1853 Big Grove Twp, IL FO 1840 CE
Gleason Susan (d. Abel & Anna (Hough)) abt 1830 New York nf 1900 [Algona, Kossuth Co., IA 1880] FO 1840 CE
Grant James (b. 1800-1810) abt 1806 nds BG 1840 CE
Gray Jacob (s. Samuel & Catharina (Sutz)) Apr 22 1793 Stone Arabia, NY Apr 15 1862 Illinois LR 1840 CE
Gray Nicholas Johannes (s. Samuel & Catherina (Sutz)) Apr 8 1783 Herkimer Co., NY May 15 1875 Oswego Twp, IL OS 1835 CE
Gruver Abraham (s. Isaac & Lydia (Narregang)) Aug 4 1802 Northampton Co., PA 1866 Clinton Co., IA FO 1840 CE
Gruver Andrew Perry (s. Abraham & Anna (Livingston)) Mar 15 1839 Newark, IL Sep 28 1924 Havelock, Pocahontas Co., IA FO 1840 CE
Gruver Anna (Livingston)(Mrs. Abraham) abt 1810 Huron Co., OH nds FO 1840 CE
Gruver Isaac (s. Abraham & Anna (Livingston)) Aug 3 1837 Huron Co., OH aft 1900 [Benton Co., IA 1900] FO 1840 CE
Gruver Lydia (d. Abraham & Anna (Livingston)) abt 1833 Huron Co., OH nds FO 1840 CE
Gruver Rosetta (d. Abraham & Anna (Livingston)) abt 1831 Huron Co., OH nds FO 1840 CE
Hardy Alice (Mrs. William) abt 1814 New Jersey aft 1870 [Washington Co., IA 1870] FO 1840 CE
Hardy Elizabeth (d. Gilbert L.?)) abt 1832 New York aft 1850 [Fox Twp, IL 1850] FO 1840 CE
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Data last uploaded on 2013-06-22 18:28:37-0500 CDT by Elmer Dickson